• Situational Analysis for Policy and Practice for Pneumonia Treatment in Ethiopia 07-08-2014

In Ethiopia, Co-trimoxazole remains the first-line treatment for
pneumonia in children under-five years of age. Amoxicillin registration is limited principally to Amoxicillin OS and Amoxicillin Cap and is primarily used to be the second-line for pneumonia and treat other infections. Ample evidence has shown that severe
pneumonia can be treated at community level with Amoxicillin.

The current policy for the first-line treatment of pneumonia should be revised to reflect global best practices and list amoxicillin as the preferred first line. This change in first line treatment represents major life, resource, and cost-savings to families, communities, and to Ethiopia.